Applying Keywords Using the Keywords HUD

The Keywords HUD provides an efficient way to apply keywords to images. The Keywords HUD contains a library of predefined keywords that you can browse and search. You can also add your own keywords or remove keywords. The Keywords HUD is automatically updated with any keywords you add. For example, when you enter a new keyword in the Metadata inspector, that keyword also appears in the Keywords HUD. When you change a keyword—by changing its spelling or capitalization, for example—the keyword is updated on all images that have that keyword assigned.

Figure. Keywords HUD showing the keyword list and a keyword group.

For more information about using the Keywords HUD, see the following sections:

Using the Keywords HUD to Apply Keywords

You can use the Keywords HUD to quickly apply keywords to one or more images. You simply drag keywords to any image or selection of images in the Viewer or Browser. When you select a group of images, you can assign keywords to all the selected images at once.

To assign a keyword using the Keywords HUD
  1. To show the Keywords HUD, do one of the following:

    • Choose Window > Show Keywords HUD (or press Shift-H).

    • Click the Keywords button in the toolbar.

    The Keywords HUD appears.

  2. Do one of the following:

    • If the Browser is in filmstrip view or grid view: Drag a keyword from the Keywords HUD to an image or selected images in the Viewer or Browser.
      Figure. Keyword being dragged from the Keywords HUD to an image in the Viewer.
    • If the Browser is in list view: Drag a keyword from the Keywords HUD to an image selection in the Browser list. The keyword appears in the Keywords column for the image or images.

      Note: Depending on the metadata options you have set, the Keywords column may not appear. For more information, see Viewing Keywords in the Browser in List View.

    • If Aperture is set to Full Screen view: Drag a keyword or keyword group from the Keywords HUD to an image or selected images displayed onscreen or in the filmstrip.

The keyword is applied to the image or selection of images to which you dragged it. To view keywords applied to images, see Viewing Keywords Applied to Images.

To apply multiple keywords using the Keywords HUD
  1. To show the Keywords HUD, do one of the following:

    • Choose Window > Show Keywords HUD (or press Shift-H).

    • Click the Keywords button in the toolbar.

    The Keywords HUD appears.

  2. To select the keywords you want to apply, do one of the following:

    • Hold down the Shift key while pressing the Up Arrow or Down Arrow key to select several keywords.

    • Shift-click a group of adjacent keywords.

    • Command-click nonadjacent keywords.

    The selected keywords are highlighted in the keyword list.

  3. Drag the keywords from the Keywords HUD to an image or selection of images in the Browser, in the Viewer, or in Full Screen view.

The keywords are assigned to the image or selection of images to which you dragged them.

Browsing and Searching for Keywords

You can browse and search for specific keywords in the Keywords HUD.

To locate a keyword using the Keywords HUD
  1. To show the Keywords HUD, do one of the following:

    • Choose Window > Show Keywords HUD (or press Shift-H).

    • Click the Keywords button in the toolbar.

    The Keywords HUD appears.

  2. Do one of the following:

    • To browse for a keyword: Scroll up and down to review the keywords, and click the disclosure triangles to reveal the keywords in each keyword group.
      Figure. Keywords HUD showing keywords in a keyword group.
    • To search for a keyword: Type the keyword you’re looking for in the Keywords HUD search field.
      Figure. Keywords HUD showing a keyword entered in the search field.

The keyword list updates to reveal all instances of the keyword you entered.

Adding Keywords to the Keywords HUD

You can add new keywords to the keyword library of the Keywords HUD.

To add new keywords to the keyword library
  1. To show the Keywords HUD, do one of the following:

    • Choose Window > Show Keywords HUD (or press Shift-H).

    • Click the Keywords button in the toolbar.

    The Keywords HUD appears.

  2. Click the Add Keyword button.

    A new, untitled keyword appears in the keyword list.

    Figure. Keywords HUD showing the Add Keyword button and a new, untitled keyword added to the keyword list.
  3. Type a name for the new keyword, then press Return.

    The new keyword is added to the keyword library.

    Figure. Keywords HUD showing the new keyword appearing in alphabetical order in the keyword list.
To add keywords to a keyword group
  1. In the Keywords HUD, select the keyword group to which you want to add a keyword.

  2. Do one of the following:

    • Click the Add Subordinate Keyword button, type the new keyword, then press Return.

      Figure. Keywords HUD showing the Add Subordinate Keyword button and a new, untitled keyword added to a keyword group.
    • Drag an existing keyword into the keyword group.

The new keyword appears in the keyword group you selected, sorted alphabetically within the group.

You can also create new keyword groups. For example, if you added the keyword Fish to your list, you might want to add Angelfish, Dolphin, Tuna, and Shark under the Fish keyword so you can further define your images.

To create a new keyword group with keywords in it
  1. In the Keywords HUD, click the Add Keyword button, then type a name for the new keyword group.

  2. With the new keyword group name selected, click the Add Subordinate Keyword button, type a keyword, then press Return.

    The keyword you just added becomes the first keyword in the new group.

  3. To add another keyword to the new group, click the Add Subordinate Keyword button, type a keyword, then press Return.

Removing Keywords from the Keywords HUD

After adding keywords to the keyword library of the Keywords HUD, you may decide not to use certain keywords. If so, you can easily remove them.

To remove a keyword or keyword group from the keyword library
  1. In the Keywords HUD, select the keyword or keyword group you want to remove.

    Figure. Keywords HUD showing a selected keyword.
  2. Do one of the following:

    • Click the Remove Keyword button.

    • Press the Delete key.

      Figure. Keywords HUD showing the Remove Keyword button and the previously selected keyword removed from the list.
  3. If the keyword you are attempting to remove is assigned to any image in your library, a dialog appears, indicating the number of times it’s being used. If you still want to remove the keyword, click “Remove from version.”

Important: Removing a keyword from the keyword library removes it from any images to which it’s already assigned.

Modifying Existing Keywords in the Keywords HUD

When entering a large group of keywords in the Keywords HUD, it’s not uncommon to make spelling mistakes. It’s easy to modify existing keywords to fix the mistakes.

To modify an existing keyword in the Keywords HUD
  1. In the Keywords HUD, double-click the keyword you want to change.

    The selected keyword is highlighted, and you can edit it.

  2. Enter the correction, then press Return.

  3. If the keyword you are attempting to modify is assigned to any image in your library, a dialog appears, indicating the number of times it’s being used. If you still want to change the keyword, click “Rename in version.”

Note: If you’re planning to enter a large group of keywords, it may be easier to enter them in a tab-delimited text (.txt) file, using an application such as TextEdit, and then import the list of keywords into Aperture. For more information, see Exporting and Importing Keyword Lists.