Working with Images

As you add images to your book pages, you can make adjustments to the page design.

See the following sections for more information:

Adding Photo Boxes to a Book Page

After creating a page and applying a master page design, you may need to add more photo boxes to hold images on the page. You can select a different master page design that has more photo boxes, or you can add photo boxes where you need them.

To add a photo box to a page
  1. In the Book Layout Editor, click the Edit Layout button, if it’s not already selected.

  2. Select a page in the Pages pane.

  3. Choose Add Photo Box from the Add Box pop-up menu.

When the photo box appears, you can drag it to a new position and resize it.

Changing How an Image Fills a Photo Box

Aperture is preset to scale images to fill a photo box on a book page. You can change the position of an image within a photo box, making it appear centered or aligned on the right or left edge.

To change the position of an image in a photo box
  1. In the Book Layout Editor, click the Edit Layout button, if it’s not already selected.

  2. Select the photo box you want to change.

  3. Choose Photo Box Alignment from the Book Action pop-up menu (with a gear icon), then choose an alignment option from the submenu.

    • To scale the image to fit the size of the box on the page: Choose Scale to Fill.
    • To center the image in the box: Choose Scale to Fit Centered.
    • To align the image on the left edge of the box: Choose Scale to Fit Left-Aligned.
    • To align the image on the right edge of the box: Choose Scale to Fit Right-Aligned.

You can also adjust the scaling of an image within a box. Aperture provides an Image Scale slider to rescale images.

To change the scale of an image in a photo box
  1. Double-click the image.

    The Image Scale HUD appears.

  2. Drag the slider to adjust the size of the image within the photo box.

Click outside the photo box to hide the Image Scale HUD.

If an image is scaled so that only part of the image is visible within the photo box, you can change the portion of the image that’s visible.

To change the part of the image that appears in a photo box
  1. Double-click the image.

    The Image Scale HUD appears.

  2. Drag the image to change the part that’s visible within the box.

Changing the Aspect Ratio of a Photo Box

Book pages hold photo boxes with specific sizes and aspect ratios. You can select a photo box and change the aspect ratio to fit the image. For example, you can change a photo box with a landscape orientation to one with a portrait orientation.

Aperture provides commands for creating photo boxes with the following aspect ratios:

  • 4:3 landscape

  • 3:2 landscape

  • 2:3 portrait

  • 3:4 portrait

  • Square

  • The aspect ratio of the current image

To change the aspect ratio of a photo box
  1. In the Book Layout Editor, click the Edit Layout button, if it’s not already selected.

  2. Select the photo box you want to change.

  3. Choose Photo Box Aspect Ratio from the Book Action pop-up menu (with a gear icon), then choose an aspect ratio from the submenu.

    • To change a photo box to a 4:3 landscape aspect ratio: Choose Landscape 4:3.
    • To change a photo box to a 3:2 landscape aspect ratio: Choose Landscape 3:2.
    • To change a photo box to a 2:3 portrait aspect ratio: Choose Portrait 2:3.
    • To change a photo box to a 3:4 portrait aspect ratio: Choose Portrait 3:4.
    • To change a photo box to a square aspect ratio: Choose Square.
    • To create a photo box that fits the cropping of the current image in the box: Choose Photo Aspect Ratio.

Arranging Images on the Page

You can resize and reposition photo boxes on a book page. First click the Edit Layout button; you can then click photo boxes to select them. Once selected, photo boxes show handles that you can drag to resize the box. You can also drag the content of the box to move the photo box to a new position.

As you drag a photo box, yellow guidelines appear that mark the important margins and image borders on your page. Using the guidelines, you can make sure that your photo boxes correctly align with other boxes on your pages.

Figure. Yellow alignment guidelines visible above an image on a page.
To arrange photo boxes on the page
  1. In the Book Layout Editor, click the Edit Layout button, if it’s not already selected.

  2. Select the photo box you want to move or resize.

  3. Drag the photo box to a new location, or drag a handle on the selected box to change the image’s size.

Copying, Pasting, Cutting, and Removing Images from Photo Boxes

After you place images in photo boxes on your book pages, you can select a box or group of boxes and copy and paste the contents, or cut or remove the images from photo boxes.

To copy and paste the contents of selected photo boxes
  1. In the Book Layout Editor, click the Edit Content button, if it’s not already selected.

  2. Select the photo box or boxes whose contents you want to copy.

  3. Choose Edit > Copy Content.

  4. Select the photo box or boxes where you want the copied contents to appear.

  5. Choose Edit > Paste Content.

To copy selected photo boxes
  1. In the Book Layout Editor, click the Edit Layout button, if it’s not already selected.

  2. Select the box or boxes you want to copy.

  3. Choose Edit > Copy.

  4. Select the page where you want the copied photo box or boxes to appear.

  5. Choose Edit > Paste.

To cut the contents of selected photo boxes, placing the contents in the Clipboard
  1. In the Book Layout Editor, click the Edit Content button, if it’s not already selected.

  2. Select the photo box or boxes whose contents you want to cut.

  3. Choose Edit > Cut Content.

To remove the contents of selected photo boxes without saving them in the Clipboard
  1. In the Book Layout Editor, click the Edit Content button, if it’s not already selected.

  2. Select the photo box or boxes whose contents you want to remove.

  3. Press the Delete key.

Stacking Photo Boxes in a Specific Order

As you arrange photo boxes on a book page, perhaps overlapping them to create a certain look, you may want to change their stacking order. For example, you might want to place three images on top of one another in a specific order. To change the stacking order of photo boxes, you select a photo box and then click the Bring Forward or Send Backward button.

Figure. Send Backward and Bring Forward buttons in the Book Layout Editor.
To change the order of a stack of photo boxes
  1. In the Book Layout Editor, click the Edit Layout button, if it’s not already selected.

  2. Select the photo box whose stacking order you want to change.

  3. Do one of the following:

    • Click the Bring Forward or Send Backward button.

    • Choose Arrange from the Book Action pop-up menu (with a gear icon), then choose an option from the submenu.

Removing Photo Boxes

After creating a book page and applying a master page design, you may want to remove one or more photo boxes from the page. You can choose a different master page design that has fewer photo boxes, or you can manually remove photo boxes from the page.

To remove photo boxes from a page
  • Click the Edit Layout button, select a photo box or boxes, then choose Edit > Cut (or press Delete).

Changing the Look of Images with Filters

Aperture allows you to change the look of images in books by applying filters. For example, you might apply a filter that fades an image so that you can position text over it to create an interesting cover. You can also apply filters that change an image to black and white or sepia.

Figure. Set Photo Filter pop-up menu in the Book Layout Editor.
To apply a filter to a photo box
  1. Select the photo box that contains the image you want to change.

  2. Choose the filter style you want from the Set Photo Filter pop-up menu.

Note: When you apply a filter to an image in a book and then examine the image with the Loupe, the image appears without the filter effect. The filter is applied only to the image in the book, not to the image version. The Loupe displays the image version.

Adding Map Boxes to a Book Page

If you’ve added location information to your images using Places, you can add a map to a book page showing the locations where the surrounding images were shot. In addition, you can define a route between locations to illustrate the journey between destinations.

Note: The Map box feature is available only in certain book themes. For more information about book themes, see Choosing a Theme.

To add a map box to a page
  1. In the Book Layout Editor, click the Edit Layout button, if it’s not already selected.

  2. Select a page in the Pages pane.

  3. Choose Add Map Box from the Add Box pop-up menu.

    Figure. Add Box pop-up menu in the Book Layout Editor.

When the map box appears on the selected page in the Book Layout Editor, you can drag it to a new position and resize it. Locations assigned to images in photo boxes surrounding the map box are automatically plotted on the map.

You can give the map a title that appears over the bottom-left portion of the map.

To give the map a title
  1. In the Book Layout Editor, double-click the map.

    The Map Options HUD appears.

  2. In the Map Options HUD, enter a title for the map in the Title field at the top of the HUD.

    Figure. Title field shown in the Map Options HUD.

A title appears over the bottom-left portion of the map in the Book Layout Editor.

By default, the map automatically displays the locations where the images that surround it were captured, provided they have location information assigned to them. However, you can also add and remove locations that appear on the map using the Map Options HUD.

To add a location to the map
  1. If necessary, double-click the map in the Book Layout Editor.

  2. In the Map Options HUD, click the Add (+) button.

    A new, untitled location appears.

    Figure. New "Untitled" location in the Map Options HUD.
  3. Click the Untitled location and enter a location that you would like to appear on the map.

    A list of locations appears below.

    Figure. Map Options HUD showing information entered in place of the Untitled location and locations displayed in the search results.
  4. Choose the location from the list.

The new location appears on the map in the Book Layout Editor.

To remove a location from the map
  1. If necessary, double-click the map in the Book Layout Editor.

  2. In the Map Options HUD, do one of the following:

    • To temporarily remove a location from the map: Deselect the checkbox next to the location’s name.
    • To permanently remove a location from the map: Select the location’s name, then click the Remove (–) button.
      Figure. Map Options HUD showing a location's checkbox deselected.

The location is removed from the map.

You can also show direction lines between locations on the map to illustrate the progression of your journey from place to place in your photo essay.

To show direction lines between locations on the map
  1. If necessary, double-click the map in the Book Layout Editor.

  2. In the Map Options HUD, choose one of the following options from the Action pop-up menu (with a gear icon):

    • To show a simple set of lines connecting the locations on the map: Choose Show Straight Lines.
    • To show curved lines with arrowheads indicating the direction of movement from one place to another: Choose Show Lines with Arrowheads.
      Figure. Action pop-up menu in the Map Options HUD.

The direction lines appear on the map.

When you show direction lines on the map, they may not initially connect locations in a way that matches the route you intended. You set the path of the direction lines by rearranging the order of the locations in the Map Options HUD.

To set the path of the direction lines in the map
  1. If necessary, double-click the map in the Book Layout Editor.

  2. In the Map Options HUD, drag the locations into the order in which you want the direction lines to appear on the map, from top to bottom.

    Figure. Map Options HUD shown dragging locations to rearranged the direction lines on the map in the book.
  3. If you want the last location on the map connected to the first location on the map, choose Return to Starting Place from the Map Options HUD Action pop-up menu (with a gear icon).

The direction lines on the map are updated to match the order of locations in the Map Options HUD.

You can specify which part of the map is visible on the page by zooming in to and out of the map and repositioning the map.

To zoom in to and out of the map
  1. If necessary, double-click the map in the Book Layout Editor.

  2. In the Map Options HUD, drag the Zoom slider (at the top of the HUD) to the right to zoom in and to the left to zoom out.

To reposition the map to show other locations
  1. If necessary, double-click the map in the Book Layout Editor.

    The Map Options HUD appears.

  2. Drag the map to reposition it.

If you’ve repositioned the map and the image locations are off-center or no longer appear, you can return the map to a position centered on the image locations.

To center the map on the image locations
  1. If necessary, double-click the map in the Book Layout Editor.

    The Map Options HUD appears.

  2. Choose Center Map on Places from the Map Options HUD Action pop-up menu (with a gear icon).

    Figure. Action pop-up menu in the Map Options HUD.