The Pan & Scan Tab

The Pan & Scan tab lets you apply basic transformations to the shots in your projects. You can use these transformations to blow images up, reposition them to crop out unwanted areas of the frame, and rotate shots to create canted angles. You can also use pan and scan effects to reframe each shot when you’re downconverting a high-resolution widescreen project to a standard definition 4:3 frame. For more information, see:

Exchanging Geometry Settings with Final Cut Pro

When you send a sequence from Final Cut Pro to Color, the following Motion tab parameters are translated into their equivalent Color parameters.

Motion tab parameters in Final Cut Pro
Pan & Scan parameters in Color
Scale
Scale
Rotation
Rotation
Center
Position X, Position Y
Aspect Ratio
Aspect Ratio

While you grade your program, you can preview the effect these transformations have on each shot and make further adjustments as necessary.

Once you finish working on your project in Color, whether or not Color processes Pan & Scan adjustments when you render each shot from the Render Queue depends on what kind of source media you’re using, and how you’re planning on rendering it:

  • When projects are sent to Color from Final Cut Pro or imported via XML files, all the Pan & Scan transformations that are applied to your shots in Color are translated back into their equivalent Final Cut Pro Motion tab settings. You then have the option to further customize those effects in Final Cut Pro prior to rendering and output.

  • Keyframed Scale, Rotation, Center, and Aspect Ratio Motion tab parameters do not appear and are not editable in Color, but these keyframes are preserved and reappear when you send your project back to Final Cut Pro.

  • Pan & Scan keyframes created in Color cannot be translated into corresponding Motion tab keyframes in Final Cut Pro. All Color keyframes are removed when you send your project back to Final Cut Pro, with the settings at the first frame of each clip being used for translation.

  • When outputting 2K and 4K Cineon and DPX image sequences, Pan & Scan transformations are processed within Color along with your color corrections when rendering the output media.

  • If your project uses 4K native RED QuickTime media, then Pan & Scan transformations are processed within Color, whether you’re rendering DPX/Cineon image sequences for film output, or QuickTime media to send back to Final Cut Pro. Projects using 2K native RED QuickTime media work similarly to other projects using QuickTime clips.

Motion Tab Keyframes Are Preserved In Roundtrips

If any clips are animated using Scale, Rotate, Center, or Aspect Ratio parameter keyframes in Final Cut Pro, these keyframes do not appear and are not editable in Color, but they are preserved and reappear when you send your project back to Final Cut Pro.

If a clip has Motion tab keyframes from Final Cut Pro, it appears in Color with the geometry of the last keyframe that is applied to the clip. If necessary, you can reset the geometry room to see the entire clip while you make corrections in Color, since this will have no effect on the keyframes being internally preserved and returned to Final Cut Pro.

Working with the Pan & Scan Tab

You can transform shots in your program using two sets of controls. To the left, onscreen controls appear within the image preview area, while to the right, numeric parameters mirror these adjustments.

Figure. Pan & Scan tab in the Geometry room.

Using the Onscreen Controls

The onscreen controls for the Pan & Scan tab consist of an outer bounding box that represents the scaled output with four handles at each corner and a pair of action safe and title safe indicators within. By default, the onscreen control is the same size as the resolution of your project.

Figure. Onscreen controls in the Geometry room.

The onscreen controls are designed to work in conjunction with the image that’s displayed by the preview and broadcast displays. In other words, you use the onscreen controls to isolate the portion of the image you want to output, and you view the actual transformation on the preview and broadcast displays.

Figure. Onscreen controls and the result in the preview display.
To resize a shot
  • Drag any of the four corners of the onscreen control to resize the shot relative to its center.

    The onscreen control shrinks or expands to include less or more of the image, and the preview and broadcast displays show the result. This also adjusts the Scale parameter.

    Figure. Dragging a corner handle to resize an image.
To rotate a shot
  • Drag just outside the four corner handles, right to rotate left, and left to rotate right.

    Because the onscreen control works by selecting a portion of the static source image, the onscreen control rotates in the opposite direction of the effect, but the preview and broadcast displays show the correct result.

    Figure. Dragging outside a corner handle to rotate an image.
To reposition a shot
  • Drag anywhere within the red bounding box.

    The onscreen control moves to select a different portion of the shot, and the preview and broadcast displays show the result.

    Figure. Dragging inside the onscreen controls to pan an image.

    Note: There are no onscreen controls for the Aspect Ratio, Flip, and Flop controls.

Using the Pan & Scan Parameters

Each of the adjustments you make using the onscreen controls is mirrored and recorded numerically by the parameters in the Pan & Scan tab to the right. If you want, you can directly manipulate these parameters by either entering new values into the fields or by holding down the middle mouse button and dragging within a field to adjust it using the virtual slider.

Figure. Pan & Scan parameters.
  • Position X and Y: Controls the portion of the image that’s viewed when you reposition the onscreen control. These parameters translate to the two dimensions of the Center parameter in Final Cut Pro.
  • Scale: Controls the size of the image.
  • Aspect Ratio: Lets you change the width-to-height ratio of shots to either squeeze or stretch them. This parameter has no onscreen control.
  • Rotation: Lets you spin the shot about the center of the onscreen control.
  • Flip Image: Lets you reverse the image horizontally. Right and left are reversed.
  • Flop Image: Lets you reverse the image vertically. Top and bottom are reversed.

    Important: The Flip Image and Flop Image parameters are disabled when you’re working with an XML project from Final Cut Pro because there are no equivalent parameters in the Motion tab.

Animating Pan & Scan Settings with Keyframes and Trackers

Animation of the Pan & Scan parameters is primarily intended for projects which will be rendered out of Color as DPX or Cineon image sequences. Animating Pan & Scan parameters is not recommended for projects you’ll be sending back to Final Cut Pro, since neither keyframes nor tracker data can be sent back.

If necessary, you can animate Pan & Scan effects in one of two ways:

  • Using keyframes: You can keyframe all the Pan & Scan transform controls. For more information on keyframing in Color, see Keyframing.
  • Using a tracker: You can also use motion tracking to automatically animate a Pan & Scan effect; for example, to move to follow a character who is walking across the screen.

    Once you create a tracker and analyze the shot (in the Tracking tab), you simply choose the number of the tracker you want to use from the Use Tracker pop-up menu, and the Position X and Y parameters are automatically animated. If Use Tracker is set to None, no trackers are applied. For more information, see The Tracking Tab.

Copying and Resetting Pan & Scan Settings

Three buttons at the bottom of the Pan & Scan tab let you copy and reset the adjustments you make with these controls.

  • Copy To Selected button: Select one or more shots in the Timeline, then click this button to copy the current Pan & Scan settings to all the selected shots.
  • Copy To All button: Copies the Pan & Scan settings to all the shots in the program. This is useful if you’re making a global adjustment when changing the format of a program.
  • Reset Geometry button: Resets all the Pan & Scan parameters to the default scale for your project.