Working with Slideshows

You use the Slideshow Editor and Slideshow Inspector to change the settings for your slideshow.

Setting the Slideshow Editor’s Thumbnail Size

The General pane in DVD Studio Pro Preferences contains a thumbnail image size setting that allows you to control the number of slides displayed in the Slideshow Editor. See General Preferences for more information on this setting.

Slideshow Editor Settings

The Slideshow Editor has two areas:

  • The controls along its top: These buttons and pop-up menus provide easy access to a variety of slideshow features. See Slideshow Editor Controls for details on these.
  • The slide list: This lists the slideshow’s slides in the order they appear. See Slide List for more information.
    Figure. Slideshow Editor showing the Slideshow Editor controls, the list of slides, and the triangle that indicates a slide has a transition.

Slideshow Editor Controls

The top of the Slideshow Editor contains several controls that you can use while making changes to your slideshow.

Figure. Top section of the Slideshow Editor showing the View pop-up menu, default transition pop-up menu, overall audio well, track conversion button, slide Duration field, and the Settings pop-up menu.
  • Overall Audio well: Drag audio files here to add them to the overall audio file list. The graphic in the well changes to show that one or more audio files are currently assigned as the overall slideshow audio. When you position the pointer over the well, a tooltip appears that lists some overall audio file information. You can Control-click the well to remove all assigned overall audio files.
  • Convert to Track button: Click this button to convert the slideshow to a track. See Converting a Slideshow to a Track for details.
  • Duration: Enter a new value or choose a value from its pop-up menu. This duration affects all currently selected slides. This setting is disabled if overall audio is being used, and the Fit To Audio mode is selected. See Manually Changing a Slide’s Duration for more information.

Slide List

The Slideshow Editor displays eight columns of information for each slide. You can edit two of these columns: Duration and Pause.

Figure. Slideshow Editor with four slides.

Note: You can drag the list headings to rearrange their order. You can also drag the edges of the Audio columns to control its width.

  • No.: Displays each slide’s number, indicating its order in the slideshow. You cannot edit this number directly, but if you drag one or a group of slides to a new position, the number is changed to reflect the slide’s new position in the slideshow.
  • Image: Displays a thumbnail image of each slide. All slides with a transition assigned have a triangle in their lower-right corner. Press Command–Equal Sign (=) for large thumbnails and Command-Hyphen (-) for small thumbnails.
  • File: Displays the name of each slide’s asset file.
  • Audio: Displays the name of the audio file assigned to the slide (if applicable).
  • Time: Displays the slideshow’s elapsed time at the beginning of each slide. This time value does not include the duration of the slide it is listed with. All slideshows start at 00:00:00:00. While you cannot directly edit this value, changing the duration of any slides positioned earlier in the list will change this time value.
  • Duration: Displays the slide duration. This value is either the default duration selected in the Preferences window, the length of the audio file assigned to the slide, or, when using an overall audio file with the “Fit to audio” option selected in the Slideshow Duration pop-up menu, a value calculated so that all slides play for an equal amount of time and match the overall audio file length. You can edit this duration except on slides that have an audio asset assigned to them or in slideshows with an overall audio file that have “Fit to audio” selected. See Manually Changing a Slide’s Duration for details.
  • Pause: Select the checkbox if you want a pause to occur at the end of the slide. The viewer then manually advances to the next slide using the Next button or Play button on the DVD player’s remote control.

    Note: If the slide contains a transition, the pause occurs before the transition. When the viewer advances to the next slide, the transition plays and then the next slide appears.

Manually Changing a Slide’s Duration

You can manually change each slide’s duration except on slides that have an audio asset assigned to them or in slideshows with an overall audio file that have “Fit to audio” selected.

To change a selected slide’s duration to a fixed value using the Slideshow Editor
  1. Select one or more slides to change their durations.

  2. Do one of the following:

    • Choose a set value (1, 3, 5, 10, or 15 seconds) from the Duration pop-up menu.

    • Enter a value (in seconds) in the Duration field and press Return.

      Figure. Duration pop-up menu of the Slideshow Editor, used to set the duration of selected slides.

The duration of all selected slides is changed to the new value.

To manually enter a slide’s duration in the slide list in the Slideshow Editor
  1. Select the slide whose duration you want to change.

  2. Double-click the current duration setting.

    The duration highlights.

  3. Type the new value and press Return.

Once you press Return, the new duration is set and the Time values for all affected slides adjust to reflect this change. The Duration value of the next slide is automatically selected. If you do not want to change its duration, select a different slide.

When entering a value, you don’t need to enter a colon to define the number pairs—the values automatically divide into pairs starting from the frames.

If you enter a value that is greater than the maximum value for that field, the appropriate time is added to the next field. For example, if you enter 79 seconds, the seconds field displays “19” and one minute is added to the minutes field.

Note: The minimum slide duration for NTSC projects is 15 frames; for PAL, it is 12 frames. The minimum is longer on slides using transitions.

To manually enter a slide’s duration in the Slide Inspector
  1. Select the slide whose duration you want to change.

  2. Do one of the following:

    • Enter a new duration directly. Use the same methods as when entering a new duration in the slide list area of the Slideshow Editor.

    • Choose a duration from the Duration pop-up menu.

Setting Up a Slideshow to Let the Viewer Advance the Slides

You can set up your slideshow so that each slide appears for a specified length of time or until the viewer decides to advance to the next slide. For example, you might want to coordinate your slideshow for a speaker to step through each slide. This allows the viewer (in this case the speaker) to choose when to advance to the next slide by pressing the Next or Play button on the DVD player’s remote control.

To set up a viewer-advanced slideshow
Do one of the following:
  • Select the checkbox in the Pause column next to each slide that you want the viewer to be able to advance manually.

  • Select a group of slides and choose Manual Advance from the Slideshow Editor’s Settings pop-up menu. This turns on the Pause option on all selected slides.

  • Select a slide and select the Manual Advance checkbox in the Slide Inspector.

Figure. Slideshow Editor showing some slides with their Pause checkbox selected.

The pause occurs at the end of the slide’s duration. If you have added an audio asset to the slide, the audio plays and then the pause occurs. The viewer can press the Next button or the Play button on the DVD player’s remote control to continue to the next slide.

Note: If the slide contains a transition, the pause occurs before the transition. When the viewer advances to the next slide using the Play button, the transition plays and then the next slide appears. If the viewer advances using the Next button, the transition does not play, and the next slide immediately appears.

Setting a Pause on the Last Slide

The viewer may have problems when playing your slideshow on some DVD players if you set the last slide to have a pause. Some DVD players do not react to presses of the Next button once the viewer reaches the last slide, which leaves the viewer with no way to activate the slideshow’s End Jump setting.

There are two methods you can use to avoid this problem and provide consistent playback on all DVD players:

  • Set the slideshow’s Next Jump connection in the Connections tab.

  • Duplicate the last slide in the slideshow and set the new last slide not to pause.

Setting the Slideshow’s Next Jump Connection

Each element in your project has a Next Jump connection that is normally left not set. The only place you can set a connection for Next Jump is in the Connections tab.

To set the slideshow’s Next Jump connection
  1. Select the slideshow in the Outline tab.

  2. Click the Connections tab.

  3. Choose Advanced from the Connection tab’s View pop-up menu. Make sure the pop-up menu next to the View pop-up menu is set to All.

  4. Locate the End Jump and Next Jump items in the list of sources.

  5. Set the Next Jump target to be the same as the slideshow’s End Jump setting by dragging the End Jump target setting to the Next Jump target.

See Next Jump and Prev Jump for more information.

Duplicating the Last Slide

Duplicating the last slide in a slideshow allows you to create a “false ending” for the slideshow, and avoid the pause issue.

To duplicate and configure the last slide in a slideshow
  1. In the Slideshow Editor, determine the asset name of the last slide and drag that slide’s asset from the Assets tab to the next slide location.

  2. Select the new last slide in the Slideshow Editor and set its duration to 15 frames by double-clicking its duration value, entering 15, then pressing Return.

    Note: For PAL projects, you can use a 12 frame duration.

  3. Make sure the last slide’s Pause checkbox is not selected.

When you play this version of the slideshow and press the Next button on the last slide with a pause, it jumps to the new last slide and then to the End Jump setting.

Using Slideshow Transitions

Slideshow transitions allow you to control whether the slideshow directly jumps from slide to slide or uses a transition effect, such as a wipe or crossfade, to move from slide to slide. You are able to set a transition effect that applies to all slides in the slideshow or you can individually configure each slide’s transition effect.

About Transitions

Each slide has its own transition settings, accessible in the Transition tab in the Slide Inspector. The default transition settings for the slideshow are in the Transition tab in the Slideshow Inspector.

The transition is considered part of the slide, and, in most cases, does not affect its duration. Using long transitions may lead to the slide being visible for only a short time, or may require the slide’s duration to be increased. When you select a transition for a slide, group of slides, or the slideshow, a warning appears if any slides must be lengthened.

Start and End Frames

Each transition has a start and end frame. The start frame is the slide you are transitioning from, and the end is the slide you are transitioning to.

If the last slide in a slideshow has a transition assigned, its transition’s end frame is based on the slideshow’s End Jump setting. If the End Jump is set to a script, the transition is to black.

Setting a Slideshow’s Default Transition

Setting the transition for a slideshow affects all slides with their type set to “Same as Slideshow.”

To set a slideshow’s default transition using the Slideshow Editor
  • Choose the transition from the Slideshow Editor’s Transition pop-up menu.

    Figure. Slideshow Editor showing the default transition pop-up menu and the triangle that is placed on each slide with a transition assigned.

The transition uses its default settings. You can change the settings in the Transition tab in the Slideshow Inspector.

To set a slideshow’s default transition using the Slideshow Inspector
  1. Double-click an empty place in the Slideshow Editor’s control area to show the Slideshow Inspector.

  2. Click the Transition tab.

    Figure. Transition tab of the Slideshow Inspector.
  3. Choose the transition to use from the Transition pop-up menu.

    Choose “not set” if you do not want slides to use a default transition. (You can still configure individual slides to use transitions.)

  4. Configure the transition using its specific parameters.

Setting an Individual Slide’s Transition

You can use either the Slide Inspector or the Slideshow Editor to set the transition for a slide.

To set a slide’s transition in the Slide Inspector
  1. Select the slide for which you want to set a transition.

  2. Click the Transition tab in the Slide Inspector and set the transition parameters.

In addition to selecting one of the transitions to use, you can choose “not set” to disable transitions for that slide, or “Same as Slideshow” to have the slide use the slideshow’s default transition.

To select a transition for a group of slides
  1. Select the group of slides for which you want to select a transition.

  2. Control-click one of the slides, choose Transition from the shortcut menu, then choose the transition from the submenu.

Setting the Transition Parameters

The Transition tabs in the Slideshow and Slide Inspectors are identical—the only difference is that the Type pop-up menu in the Slide Inspector has a “Same as Slideshow“ choice that the Slideshow Inspector does not have.

Figure. Transition tab of the Slideshow Inspector.
  • Start thumbnail: Shows the video frame that a still transition will start from.
  • Transition thumbnail: Provides a preview of a still transition when you click the Preview button.
  • End thumbnail: Shows the video frame that a still transition will end with. This thumbnail is empty in the Slideshow Inspector.
  • Preview: Click this to preview the current transition in the Transition thumbnail area.
  • Parameters: Contains the parameters for the current transition. Each transition has its own set of parameters.

Transition Parameters

Each transition has its own parameters. In many cases, the settings are self-explanatory; however, in some cases the settings are not obvious. See Transition Parameters for details on the parameters for each transition.

Converting a Slideshow to a Track

You may want to add several features to your slideshow that the Slideshow Editor does not support. These include:

  • Subtitles

  • Alternate language streams

  • The ability to combine moving video with the slides

To get access to these features, you can convert your slideshow to a track. Once converted to a track, what was previously a slideshow is now a track, and must be edited in the Track Editor.

Note: Once you convert a slideshow to a track, you cannot convert it back. You can use the Undo feature or create a duplicate of the slideshow before you convert it to a track. If you do create a duplicate of the slideshow, be sure to delete the duplicate before you build your project.

To convert a slideshow to a track
  1. In the Outline tab, Control-click the slideshow’s name, then choose Duplicate from the shortcut menu.

    An identical copy of the slideshow is created in case you need it later. You should delete this copy when you are sure that it is no longer needed.

  2. Choose the original slideshow in the Slideshow Editor.

  3. Do one of the following:

    • Choose Project > Slideshow > Convert to Track.

    • Click Convert To Track in the Slideshow Editor.

    The slideshow is deleted and a new track is created using the slideshow’s name.

    Figure. Convert to Track button of the Slideshow Editor.

The new track has a marker at each slide, each named with the slide’s filename. Each slide retains its duration and pause setting. If audio files were assigned, they are also present in the track.

Note: If a slide has a transition, a cell marker is placed at the beginning of the transition. If the slide has pause selected, this marker is set to pause.