DVD Video Source Settings Summary

The following sections, DVD Video Settings for SD Projects and DVD Video Settings for HD Projects, summarize the required settings for MPEG and other sources that can be used with DVD Studio Pro.

Note: All assets within a project must use the same video standard (all NTSC or all PAL). For the other settings, such as encoding format, resolution, and bit rates, you can mix assets with different settings.

DVD Video Settings for SD Projects

The following settings work with SD projects. With the exception of MPEG-1 video, these same settings can also be used in HD projects.

MPEG Type

Both MPEG-1 and MPEG-2 are supported, at the video resolutions listed below.

MPEG Structure

Only elementary streams are supported.

MPEG Bit Rates

Multi-angle and mixed-angle tracks have stricter requirements. See Encoding Video for Multi-Angle Tracks for details.

  • MPEG-1 Video: Up to 1.856 Mbps (1.15 Mbps is typical.)
  • MPEG-2 Video: Up to 9.8 Mbps (The typical maximum used is 8 Mbps.)

Video Resolution

DVD Studio Pro supports a variety of resolutions. See Choosing a Video Resolution for more information.

  • MPEG-1: The following resolution is supported:
    • SIF (Standard Interface Format): 352 x 240 NTSC; 352 x 288 PAL
  • MPEG-2: The following resolutions are supported:
    • SIF: 352 x 240 NTSC; 352 x 288 PAL
    • 1/2 D1: 352 x 480 NTSC; 352 x 576 PAL
    • Cropped D1: 704 x 480 NTSC; 704 x 576 PAL (matches analog blanking)
    • Full D1: 720 x 480 NTSC; 720 x 576 PAL

Frame Rate

There are three supported frame rates:

  • NTSC with 525 lines (29.97 fps)

  • PAL with 625 lines (25 fps)

  • Versions of 23.976 fps video using either the NTSC or PAL video resolutions

Aspect Ratio

4:3 and anamorphic 16:9 are supported. (See What Exactly Is a 16:9 Asset?)

Chroma Format

The DVD specification requires a 4:2:0 chroma format.

GOP Size (Maximum)

18 frames NTSC; 15 frames PAL

GOP Size (Typical)

15 frames NTSC; 12 frames PAL

DVD Video Settings for HD Projects

The following settings work with HD projects.

MPEG Type

MPEG-2, HDV, and H.264 are supported, at the video resolutions listed below.

MPEG Structure

Only elementary streams are supported.

MPEG Bit Rates

Multi-angle and mixed-angle tracks have stricter requirements. See Encoding Video for Multi-Angle Tracks for details.

  • SD MPEG-2 Video: From 2.0 Mbps to 15.00 Mbps
  • HD MPEG-2 Video: From 2.0 Mbps to 29.40 Mbps (The typical maximum used is 27 Mbps.)

    Note: HD assets include the 480p and 576p resolutions.

  • HDV Video: HDV video is MPEG-2 encoded. The bit rate depends on the video resolution:
    • 1280 x 720p: 19 Mbps
    • 1920 x 1080i: 25 Mbps

H.264 Bit Rates

Multi-angle and mixed-angle tracks have stricter requirements. See Encoding Video for Multi-Angle Tracks for details.

  • SD H.264 Video: From 0.5 Mbps to 15.00 Mbps
  • HD H.264 Video: From 1.5 Mbps to 29.40 Mbps (The typical maximum used is 27 Mbps.)

    Note: HD assets include the 480p and 576p resolutions.

Video Resolution

DVD Studio Pro supports a variety of resolutions. See Choosing a Video Resolution for more information.

  • SIF: 352 x 240 NTSC; 352 x 288 PAL
  • 1/2 D1: 352 x 480 NTSC; 352 x 576 PAL
  • Cropped D1: 704 x 480 NTSC; 704 x 576 PAL (matches analog blanking, only the interlaced version is supported)
  • Full D1: 720 x 480 NTSC; 720 x 576 PAL (both interlaced and progressive versions)
  • 720p: 1280 x 720 (NTSC and PAL, progressive)
  • Anamorphic 1080i: 1440 x 1080 (NTSC and PAL, interlaced, anamorphic 16:9)
  • 1080i: 1920 x 1080 (NTSC and PAL, interlaced)

Frame Rate

There are three supported frame rates:

  • NTSC with 525 lines (29.97 fps)

  • PAL with 625 lines (25 fps)

  • Versions of 23.976 fps video using either the NTSC or PAL video resolutions

Aspect Ratio

4:3, anamorphic 16:9, and true 16:9 are supported.

Chroma Format

The DVD specification requires a 4:2:0 chroma format.

GOP Size (Maximum)

18 interlaced frames or 36 progressive frames NTSC; 15 interlaced frames or 30 progressive frames PAL

GOP Size (Typical)

15 frames NTSC; 12 frames PAL