About DVCPRO HD

DVCPRO HD is a high definition addition to the DV/DVCPRO format family, making it simple to adapt your existing DV- and FireWire-based editing workflow to HD video.

DVCPRO HD Formats Supported by Final Cut Pro

Final Cut Pro natively supports the following DVCPRO HD formats.

59.94 fps–Based Formats

The following table shows the 59.94 fps–based DVCPRO HD formats supported by Final Cut Pro.

Format
Final Cut Pro Easy Setup
Sequence dimensions and frame rate
Scanning method
1080i60
DVCPRO HD - 1080i60
1280 x 1080, 29.97 fps
Interlaced
1080p30
DVCPRO HD - 1080p30
1280 x 1080, 29.97 fps
Progressive
1080pA24
DVCPRO HD - 1080pA24
1280 x 1080, 23.98 fps
Progressive
720p60
DVCPRO HD - 720p60
960 x 720, 59.94 fps
Progressive
720p30
DVCPRO HD - 720p30
960 x 720, 29.97 fps
Progressive
720p24
DVCPRO HD - 720p24
960 x 720, 23.98 fps
Progressive
50 fps–Based Formats

The following table shows the 50 fps–based DVCPRO HD formats supported by Final Cut Pro.

Format
Final Cut Pro Easy Setup
Sequence dimensions and frame rate
Scanning method
1080i50
DVCPRO HD - 1080i50
1440 x 1080, 25 fps
Interlaced
1080p25
DVCPRO HD - 1080p25
1440 x 1080, 25 fps
Progressive
720p50
DVCPRO HD - 720p50
960 x 720, 50 fps
Progressive
720p25
DVCPRO HD - 720p25
960 x 720, 25 fps
Progressive

DVCPRO HD Frame Rates

DVCPRO HD supports frame rates compatible with both NTSC and PAL frame rates, although most camcorders are designed to work with one or the other. For example, the Panasonic AG-HVX200 camcorder records 1080i60 or 720p60 DVCPRO HD, and the Panasonic AG-HVX200E camcorder (designed for PAL regions) records 1080i50 or 720p50 DVCPRO HD. 1080i footage is described by its field rate (60i or 50i), whereas 720p footage is described by its frame rate (60p or 50p).

Additional formats, such as 24p, can be achieved using pull-down (1080i) or duplicated frames (720p). Variable frame rates for slow- and fast-motion effects are also possible in the 720p format.

Note: 1080i60 and 720p60 DVCPRO HD actually operate at 59.94 fps, not 60 fps. See Setting System Frequency on a Panasonic Varicam Camcorder for an exception to this rule.

1080pA24 DVCPRO HD

1080pA24 DVCPRO HD is recorded using the 1080i60 format with advanced pull-down (2:3:3:2). This is the same method employed by the Panasonic AG-DVX100 camcorder. For more information, see Working with DVCPRO HD in Final Cut Pro.

Note: You can also record the 1080p24 DVCPRO HD format using traditional 2:3:2:3 pull-down. Cinema Tools can remove this kind of pull-down, but Final Cut Pro cannot. Don’t use this format unless you have a special reason for doing so. If you want to work with 1080p24 footage, the 1080pA24 format is much easier to use.

720p60 DVCPRO HD

The 720p60 DVCPRO HD format supports 60, 30, and 24 fps recording. When you choose a frame rate lower than 60 fps, the camera CCD captures images at the lower rate but the recording rate stays fixed at 60 fps.

For example, if you record the 720p30 format, the camera CCD produces 30 unique images per second, but each frame is recorded on tape twice. These duplicate frames are digitally flagged during recording and must be removed during or after capture.

Figure. Diagram showing the frames in 1 second of 720p60, 720p30, and 720p24 DVCPRO HD video before and after capture.

Most capture presets for 720p DVCPRO HD enable the Remove Advanced Pulldown and/or Duplicate Frames During Capture From FireWire Sources option to remove redundant frames during capture. For information about modifying capture presets, see “Capture Settings and Presets” in the Final Cut Pro 7 User Manual.

When this checkbox is selected, your captured media files are smaller and ready to edit at the proper frame rate.

Note: The 720p60 Easy Setup does not enable this option because no duplicate frames are recorded at 60 fps.

For more information, see Stage 3: Logging and Capturing Your DVCPRO HD Footage in Working with DVCPRO HD in Final Cut Pro.

720p50 DVCPRO HD

The 720p50 DVCPRO HD format supports 50 and 25 fps recording. When you record at 25 fps, the camera CCD captures images at the lower rate but the recording rate stays fixed at 50 fps.

720pN DVCPRO HD Native Frame Rate Recording

Camcorders such as the Panasonic AG-HVX200 allow you to record 720p footage onto P2 cards without duplicating frames. Because the footage is recorded at the intended frame rate, this method is called native frame rate recording and is often indicated by the letter N. For example, 720p60 camcorders can record 720pN30 and 720pN24 formats. 720p50 camcorders can record the 720pN25 format. For details about how to best ingest these formats, see Panasonic P2 Camcorder Compatibility.

720p DVCPRO HD Variable Frame Rate Recording

Some 720p DVCPRO HD camcorders allow you to create slow- and fast-motion effects by recording at variable frame rates.

  • 720p60 camcorders can record frame rates between 4 and 60 fps.

  • 720p50 camcorders can record frame rates between 4 and 50 fps.

For example, you can create slow motion with the Panasonic Varicam camcorder by setting an intended playback frame rate of 24 fps and then recording at 60 fps. When 60 fps footage is played at 24 fps, slow-motion effects are created. For more information, see Using the DVCPRO HD Frame Rate Converter.

Setting System Frequency on a Panasonic Varicam Camcorder

The Panasonic Varicam camcorder can record at the standard NTSC-compatible rate of 59.94 fps or at exactly 60 fps. Final Cut Pro only supports DVCPRO HD video transfer via FireWire at 59.94 fps (or one of its variants, such as 29.97 or 23.98 fps). If you want to capture DVCPRO HD footage via FireWire, make sure you record your footage with the system frequency of your camcorder set to 59.94, not 60. For more information, see the documentation included with the Panasonic Varicam camcorder.