Working with 24p DVCPRO HD

DVCPRO HD supports several 24p recording modes, depending on the camcorder you are using. For more information about 24p video, see “Working with 24p Video” in the Final Cut Pro 7 User Manual.

Working with 1080pA24 DVCPRO HD Video

The workflow for capturing and outputting 1080pA24 (advanced pull-down) DVCPRO HD footage is outlined below.

Note: To remove standard 3:2 (2:3:2:3) pull-down from 1080p24 footage, you need to capture the footage as 1080i60 (29.97 fps) and then use Cinema Tools to remove the pull-down.

  1. Stage 1: Shooting with Advanced Pull-Down

    To shoot with advanced pull-down (23.98 fps at 29.97 fps), choose the 1080i/24PA recording mode on your camera. This creates 29.97 fps 1080i video that contains 23.98 fps progressive frames using a 2:3:3:2 pull-down pattern.

  2. Stage 2: Removing 2:3:3:2 Advanced Pull-Down from 24p Video During Capture

    Choose the DVCPRO HD 1080pA24 Easy Setup, which enables the Remove Advanced Pulldown and/or Duplicate Frames During Capture From FireWire Sources option.

    Duplicate video fields are discarded during capture, resulting in a 24p (23.98 fps) media file on disk after capture.

    You can also remove advanced pull-down while ingesting 1080pA24 or 480pA24 footage recorded on P2 cards.

    Tip: If you have already captured your video at 29.97 fps, you can remove duplicate fields from your media files after capture. To remove 2:3:3:2 advanced pull-down from your media files after capture, select the 29.97 fps clips in the Browser, then choose Tools > Remove Advanced Pulldown. Your media files will remain the same size, but they will be set to play back at 23.98 fps. If no advanced pull-down flags are detected, the media files remain at 29.97 fps.

  3. Stage 3: Editing at 23.98 fps

    You can edit your footage in a 23.98 fps sequence. To preview your video on an external monitor while you are editing, you can choose one of several pull-down options to convert the 23.98 fps video to 29.97 fps. The 2:2:2:4 option is the least processor-intensive, but it should be used only for previewing.

    For more information about real-time pull-down options, see “Working with 24p Video” in the Final Cut Pro 7 User Manual.

  4. Stage 4: Outputting Back to 1080i60 Video with Advanced Pull-Down

    After you finish editing your movie, you can output back to 1080i60 video by introducing a pull-down pattern on the FireWire output. You can choose one of several pull-down patterns, either from the RT pop-up menu in the Timeline or in the Playback Control tab of the System Settings window. For output back to tape, you should choose advanced pull-down (2:3:3:2) or normal telecine pull-down (2:3:2:3).

    You can also export your movie to a 23.98 fps QuickTime movie or image sequence for delivery to a video-to-film transfer lab.

Working with 720p24 DVCPRO HD Video

There are several methods for recording 720p24 DVCPRO HD footage, depending on the camcorder you use.

720p60 DVCPRO HD Recorded at 23.98 fps

Duplicate frames are recorded and can be removed during capture (Panasonic Varicam), during P2 card ingest (Panasonic AG-HVX200), or after capture using the DVCPRO HD Frame Rate Converter. This format is also referred to as 720p24.

For more information, see the information about removing duplicate frames in About the Frame Rate Converter Options, as well as “Advanced Topics in Transferring File-Based Media” in the Final Cut Pro 7 User Manual.

Note: The Panasonic Varicam camcorder can record 720p60 video with a frame rate setting of 24 fps, but this format is not supported by Final Cut Pro. For more information, see Setting System Frequency on a Panasonic Varicam Camcorder.

720p50 DVCPRO HD Recorded at 24 fps

Duplicate frames are recorded and can be removed during P2 card ingest with the Log and Transfer window or using the DVCPRO HD Frame Rate Converter.

720pN24 DVCPRO HD

DVCPRO HD 24 fps footage is recorded natively to a Panasonic P2 card and can be ingested using the Log and Transfer window. The N in 720pN24 refers to the fact that this mode records exactly 24 “native” frames per second rather than flagging frames in a 29.97 fps video stream. For more information, see Panasonic P2 Camcorder Compatibility.