About XDCAM, XDCAM HD, and XDCAM EX

The XDCAM format records SD DVCAM or IMX video on Sony Professional Disc media. Up to four 16-bit, 48 kHz uncompressed audio channels can be recorded. MPEG-4 proxy files are simultaneously recorded for quick review of footage and even proxy editing directly on the camcorder. Media is stored within MXF container files for easy transfer to your computer via FireWire or optional Ethernet connectors.

XDCAM HD extends XDCAM to include four 1080-line HD video formats using long-GOP MPEG-2 compression (referred to by Sony as MPEG HD). Also supported is an HD422 format that includes 1920 x 1080 and 1280 x 720 frame dimensions.

Format
MPEG-2 bit rate
Frame dimensions
Color sample ratio
MPEG-2 standard
LP
18 Mbps (VBR)
1440 x 1080
4:2:0
MPEG MP@HL
SP (HDV)
25 Mbps (CBR)
1440 x 1080
4:2:0
MPEG MP@HL-1440
HQ
35 Mbps (VBR)
1440 x 1080
4:2:0
MPEG MP@HL
HD422
50 Mbps (CBR)
1920 x 1080,
1280 x 720
4:2:2
MPEG 422P@HL

The SP format uses a constant bit rate (CBR) and is compatible with 1080i HDV. The LP and HQ formats use a variable bit rate (VBR) and provide extended recording time with lower-than-HDV quality (LP) and quality that surpasses that of the HDV recording format (HQ). Variable frame rate recording is also supported. The HD422 format uses 50 Mbps CBR.

XDCAM EX is a variation of XDCAM HD that records full HD resolution as either 1920 x 1080 or 1280 x 720 footage. XDCAM EX footage is recorded on SxS cards, based on the PCMCIA ExpressCard/34 form factor.

XDCAM Formats Supported in Final Cut Pro

To edit XDCAM footage, choose the DVCAM or IMX Easy Setup that corresponds to your footage.

The installation of the Sony XDCAM Transfer software is required. For more information about this software, go to the Sony website at http://www.sony.com/xdcam.

XDCAM HD Formats Supported in Final Cut Pro

Final Cut Pro has Easy Setups for the following XDCAM HD formats.

The installation of the Sony XDCAM Transfer software is required. For more information about this software, go to the Sony website at http://www.sony.com/xdcam.

XDCAM HD VBR Easy Setups

The following XDCAM HD VBR Easy Setups support both 35 Mbps (HQ) and 18 Mbps (LP) formats:

  • XDCAM HD 1080p24 VBR

  • XDCAM HD 1080p25 VBR

  • XDCAM HD 1080p30 VBR

  • XDCAM HD 1080i60 VBR

  • XDCAM HD 1080i50 VBR

Note: 18 Mbps VBR XDCAM HD footage is edited, rendered, and exported using the 35 Mbps (HQ) codec. However, this format is ingested at a data rate of 18 Mbps, so it still requires less disk space during ingest than the 35 Mbps (HQ) format.

XDCAM HD CBR Easy Setups

Final Cut Pro includes the following XDCAM HD CBR (25 Mbps) Easy Setups:

  • XDCAM HD 1080p24 CBR

  • XDCAM HD 1080p25 CBR

  • XDCAM HD 1080p30 CBR

  • XDCAM HD 1080i50 CBR

  • XDCAM HD 1080i60 CBR

XDCAM HD422 CBR Easy Setups

Final Cut Pro includes support for the Sony XDCAM HD422 format,

Final Cut Pro includes the following XDCAM HD422 CBR (50 Mbps) Easy Setups:

  • XDCAM HD422 1080p24 CBR

  • XDCAM HD422 1080p25 CBR

  • XDCAM HD422 1080p30 CBR

  • XDCAM HD422 1080i50 CBR

  • XDCAM HD422 1080i60 CBR

Final Cut Pro also includes the following 720-line XDCAM HD422 (50 Mbps) Easy Setups:

  • XDCAM HD422 720p50 CBR

  • XDCAM HD422 720p60 CBR

XDCAM EX Formats Supported in Final Cut Pro

Final Cut Pro includes support for the Sony XDCAM EX format, but ingesting XDCAM EX footage requires the installation of either the Sony XDCAM Transfer software or the XDCAM EX Log and Transfer plug-in software (for ingesting footage using the Log and Transfer window). For more information about the XDCAM Transfer software, go to the Sony website at http://www.sony.com/xdcam.

You can use the Log and Transfer window to ingest XDCAM EX media. This option requires the XDCAM EX Log and Transfer plug-in software, available at http://pro.sony.com/bbsc/ssr/micro-xdcamexsite/resource.downloads. For more information about using the Log and Transfer window, see “About the Log and Transfer Window” in the Final Cut Pro 7 User Manual.

Final Cut Pro includes the following 1080-line XDCAM EX Easy Setups:

  • XDCAM EX 1080p24 VBR

  • XDCAM EX 1080p25 VBR

  • XDCAM EX 1080p30 VBR

  • XDCAM EX 1080i50 VBR

  • XDCAM EX 1080i60 VBR

Final Cut Pro also includes the following 720-line XDCAM EX Easy Setups:

  • XDCAM EX 720p24 VBR

  • XDCAM EX 720p25 VBR

  • XDCAM EX 720p30 VBR

  • XDCAM EX 720p50 VBR

  • XDCAM EX 720p60 VBR