Text Controls in the Layout Pane

This section describes the parameters in the Layout pane of the Text Inspector. Of the following Layout controls, the Line Spacing and Alignment also appear in the Text HUD.

Non-Path Text Controls in the Layout Pane

Use the Text Layout controls in the Layout pane of the Text Inspector to specify general arrangement of your text. These controls allow you to make text flow in a single line, in a paragraph with set margins, or on a path.

Figure. Text Layout controls.
  • Line Spacing: Specifies the distance between each line of text (leading) in point-size increments. Dragging to the right (above 0) increases the line spacing and dragging to the left (below 0) creates negative line spacing.
  • Flatten: In 3D groups, text characters on a path may be influenced by behaviors in ways that interfere with linear alignment. For instance, a simulation behavior might pull nearby text characters out of their plane. Selecting the Flatten checkbox forces text characters to remain in a 2D plane. When Flatten is selected, the text can still interact with other objects in 3D space, but only as a flattened image, like a card.
    Figure. Canvas window showing text object weaving in and out of other elements in a 3D group.

    Once Flatten is selected, the text characters no longer move in 3D space.

    Figure. Canvas window showing flattened text object in 3D space.

    Use the following guidelines for the Flatten checkbox:

    • The Flatten checkbox must be selected in order for text to receive reflections. If the Flatten checkbox in the Layout pane of the Text tab (in the Inspector) is not selected, the Reflections parameter does not appear in the Properties tab. For more information on using reflections, see Reflections.

    • The Flatten checkbox must be selected in order to use the 2D transform tools in the Toolbar (Select/Transform, Adjust Anchor Point, Adjust Shear, Adjust Drop Shadow, Adjust Four Corner, and Adjust Crop—in the Properties tab of the Inspector or in the Toolbar.

    • The Flatten checkbox must be selected to apply a mask to text. The mask tools in the Toolbar are not available when the checkbox is deselected.

    Note: When a text layer that is rotated in Z space is flattened, the text that is further away from the camera (further away in Z) appears smaller. For more information, see Working with Objects Inside 2D Groups and Flattened 3D Groups.

  • Face Camera: When this checkbox is enabled, the text characters always face the camera, even when the camera is rotated or the text is rotated. This checkbox is not available when the Flatten checkbox is selected (text cannot face the camera and flatten to the text plane at the same time). Additionally, text is flattened when Scroll or Crawl is selected from the Layout Method pop-up menu, so Face Camera is not available.

    Note: Because text characters are 2D (flat) objects, the text may not be visible when you use the orthogonal camera views, such as Left, Right, and Top (unless the text layer or characters are rotated in 3D space). This is because orthogonal views are at right angles (perpendicular) to objects in the Canvas. For more information on using cameras, see Cameras.

  • Position: Defines the position of the anchor point specified in the Anchor Point pop-up menu. Click the disclosure triangle to display the individual X, Y, and Z parameters. To see a visual representation of the anchor point, select the text with the Adjust Glyph tool. For more information on the glyph tool, see Working with Text Glyphs.
  • Type On: This group of controls allows you to create a “type-on” effect, similar to a typewriter. You can keyframe the type-on effect to occur forward or backward, or to move in both directions.
    Figure. Type On controls in the Layout pane of the Text tab.

    Note: There is also a Text Animation behavior called Type On which creates a forward type-on effect without setting any keyframes.

    The Type On parameter group has the following controls:

    • Start: Sets the start point of the type-on effect (from the left side of the text). When set to the default 0%, the text is fully “typed on.” When set to 100%, the text is fully “typed off.” If the value animates from 0 to 100 over time, the text types off from left to right. If the value animates from 100 to 0, the text types on from right to left.
    • End: Sets the end point of the type-on effect (from the right side) of the text. When set to the default 100%, the text is fully “typed on.” When set to 0%, the text is fully “typed off.” If the value animates from 100 to 0 over time, the text types off from right to left. If the value animates from 0 to 100, the text types on from left to right.
    • Fade In: When this checkbox is selected, text characters are faded on or off. When the checkbox is deselected, the text characters pop on as they appear.

      For information on creating a type-on effect, see Creating a Type-On Effect. For information on the Motion Path parameters, see Text Path Controls in the Layout Pane.

Text Path Controls in the Layout Pane

This group of controls, located in the Layout pane of the Text Inspector, allows you to specify the initial shape of the text path and to modify the path and the text on that path.

Figure. Path Options controls.

For more information about creating a text path, see Text Layout-Related Tasks.

The Adjust Glyph tool can be used with text on a path. For more information, see Working with Text Glyphs.

  • Radius: When Circle is the defined path shape, the Radius slider becomes available. This slider allows you to change the size of the circular path. Click the disclosure triangle to individually adjust the X radius and Y radius.

    Note: When the Text tool is selected, you can also use the onscreen control points to resize the circle. Press Shift to resize the X and Y radii uniformly.

  • Size: When Rectangle is the defined path shape, the Size slider becomes available. This slider allows you to change the size of the rectangular path. Click the disclosure triangle to adjust the X scale and Y scale individually.

    Note: When the Text tool is selected, you can also use the onscreen control points to resize the rectangle. Press Shift to resize the X and Y scale uniformly.

  • Start Point: When Wave is selected in the Path Shape pop-up menu, this control become available. Sets the location default start point on the wave’s path. The left value slider sets the X coordinate of the start point. The right value slider sets the Y coordinate of the start point. The start point can also be adjusted using the wave’s onscreen controls (active by default when the Text tool is selected).
  • End Point: When Wave is selected in the Path Shape pop-up menu, this control becomes available. Sets the location of the default end point on the wave’s path. The left value slider sets the X coordinate of the end point. The right value slider sets the Y coordinate of the end point. The end point can also be adjusted using the wave’s onscreen controls (active by default when the Text tool is selected).
  • Amplitude: When Wave is selected in the Path Shape pop-up menu, this control become available. A slider that defines half the distance from the highest point to the lowest point in the wave. Higher values result in more extreme waves.
  • Frequency: When Wave is selected in the Path Shape pop-up menu, this control become available. A slider that sets number of waves. Higher values result in more waves.
  • Phase: When Wave is selected in the Path Shape pop-up menu, this control become available. A dial that defines the percentage of the offset of the waves from the start and end points of the path. When set to 0% (default), the wave begins and ends at half the distance from the highest point to the lowest point in the wave. When set to 90%, the wave begins and ends at the highest point in the wave. When set to –90%, the wave begins at the lowest point in the wave. When set to 180%, the waves are the same as 0%, but inverted.
  • Damping: When Wave is selected in the Path Shape pop-up menu, this control become available. A slider that progressively diminishes the oscillation of the wave. Positive damping values diminish the wave forward (from left to right); negative values diminish the wave backward (from right to left).
  • Shape Source: When Geometry is selected in the Path Shape pop-up menu, this control become available. An image well that defines the layer (shape or mask) to use as the motion path source.
  • Attach to Shape: When Geometry is selected in the Path Shape pop-up menu, this control become available. When this checkbox is enabled, the motion path follows the source shape at its original location. When disabled, the motion path can exist in a location other than its source shape.

    Note: When Attach to Shape is enabled, you cannot move the layer to another location.

    To learn how to use spline objects as a text path source shape, see Using Geometry for a Path Source.

  • Path Offset: Determines where the text begins on the path. Animate this value to move text along a path. At 0%, the first text character is at the left end of the path; at 100%, the first character is at the right end of the path.
  • Wrap Around: Available when Path Shape is set to Open Spline or Wave (an open path shape), wraps the text from the end of the path around to the first point of the path.
  • Inside Path: When the Inside Path checkbox is selected, the baseline of text on a loop path is shifted so the text appears inside of the loop.
  • Align to Path: Aligns the text to the shape of the path. When the checkbox is deselected, all text characters align vertically, regardless of the shape of the path.
  • Control Points: Available when Open Spline or Closed Spline is selected from the Path Shape pop-up menu, displays the X, Y, and Z positions for all control points on a path. Enter different values in the fields to adjust the position of the control points using the Inspector.

Margin Controls in the Layout Pane

This group of controls, which becomes available when the Layout Method is set to Paragraph, Scroll, or Crawl, sets the size and location of the text margins.

When a text file is imported into Motion, its margin and tabs information is retained in the Motion project. The Layout Method (in the Layout pane of the Text Inspector) for the imported text is automatically set to to Paragraph.

By default, text created within Motion is set to Type, creating one long string of text until you manually enter a line break. To create columns with tabs or use margins with text created in Motion, Layout Method (in the Layout pane of the Text Inspector) must be set to Paragraph or Scroll.

There are several ways to create and adjust text margins, including using the onscreen controls and the Layout pane in the Text Inspector. You can set a margin for text before or after it is created.

Figure. Layout Method pop-up menu set to Paragraph and active Margin controls, in the Layout pane of the Text tab.
  • Left, Right, Top, and Bottom Margins: Available when Layout Method is set to Paragraph, Scroll, or Crawl, defines the text margins in the Canvas.

    For more information on working with margins, see Text Margin and Tab-Related Tasks.

Tab Controls in the Layout Pane

When a Rich Text Format file is imported, any tabs in the RTF file are retained in the Motion project. This information is displayed in the Layout pane of the text Inspector. When text is created in Motion, it has no tab information, but tabs can be created. Adding, moving, and removing tabs is done in the Canvas. Moving tabs, by modifying their values, is done in the Inspector.

Tabs can also be added, moved, and removed in the Canvas. The tab, margin, and alignment options are especially useful when formatting credit rolls.

Figure. Inspector showing Text tab options for an imported RTF.
  • Tab 0, 1, 2, and so on: Lists the tabs in the paragraph, including their type and positions.
    • Tab type pop-up menu: Sets the tab to Left, Center, Right, or Decimal.
    • Tab value slider: Drag in the slider or use the left and right arrows to adjust the position of the tab.

      For more information on working with tabs, see Text Margin and Tab-Related Tasks.