Working in the CD Tracks List

Tracks are displayed chronologically in the CD Tracks list, from top to bottom. If you reorder regions in the Regions list, the CD Tracks list is updated to reflect the new order.

The CD Tracks list displays, and allows you to edit, information about each track, including the track start time, title, length, and track pause duration. You can also add comments and ISRC codes, specify the SCMS state, and set pre-emphasis flags for the track.

Note: This information is also shown in the General tab of the Inspector when a track is selected in the CD Tracks list. Comments can be added in the Inspector’s Comments tab. See Viewing CD Track Info in the Inspector.

To edit fields and values
Do one of the following:
  • Click the Start Time, Title, Length, Comment, or Pause field for the relevant track in the CD Tracks list, and type in the text or value.

  • Click the relevant track in the CD Tracks list, click the Comments or General tab in the Inspector, then type in the text or value in the appropriate Inspector field.

Adding ISRC Codes

The International Standard Recording Code, or ISRC, serves as a unique registration code for phonograph and audio-visual recordings. The ISRC standard was established in 1986 by the ISO (International Standards Organization) in ISO document No. 3901. The IFPI (International Federation of the Phonographic Industry) was designated as the international registration agency in 1989. The IFPI recommends that members include the ISRC in the subcode as a “fingerprint” for all digital recordings. In 1992, all member companies received their “first owner” codes.

The ISRC is permanently stored in the subcode of a recording. When the recording is altered or edited, a new ISRC has to be used. An ISRC can only be allocated once. The first owner can integrate ISRCs into an existing coding system, as long as doing so requires no more than five digits (designation code). A complete ISRC contains 12 characters, such as that shown below:

DE-K22-09-256-12

  • Country code (compliant with ISO 3166, in this case, Germany)

  • First owner code (record company, in this case, Polydor)

  • Year of recording code (2 digits)

  • Designation code (5 digits)

The ISRC is used by radio stations to archive recordings. Royalty collection societies such as GEMA or MCPS/PRS also use the code to automatically generate transmission logs, thus simplifying licensing accounting. For commercial recordings, the ISRC should only consist of the code provided by the record label. If the record label company has not been issued a first owner code, you should contact the IFPI.

To add an ISRC code
Do one of the following:
  • Click the track’s ISRC field in the CD Tracks list, then type the ISRC code in the field.

  • Click the relevant track in the CD Tracks list, and type the ISRC code in the ISRC field in the Inspector’s General tab.

    Note: You can only input numbers. The ISRC field does not allow spaces or hyphens.

Setting the Copy Prohibit Bit

You can set a Copy Prohibit Bit for a track. When a track’s Copy Prohibit Bit is set, the track cannot be digitally copied more than once—by recording devices that support the Serial Copy Management System (SCMS). These devices automatically write a Copy Prohibit Bit to prevent further generation of digital copies (of the track).

Consumer-level DAT recorders (and a handful of professional-level units) are usually equipped with SCMS. Given the number of recording devices that do not include this type of copy protection, setting the Copy Prohibit Bit does not guarantee that the track cannot be copied multiple times. WaveBurner provides the option to set the Copy Prohibit Bit in order to comply with the Red Book standard.

To set the Copy Prohibit Bit
Do one of the following:
  • In the CD Tracks list, choose Free, Protected Original, or Protected Copy from the SCMS pop-up menu.

  • Click the track in the CD Tracks list, and choose Free, Protected Original, or Protected Copy from the SCMS pop-up menu in the General tab of the Inspector.

Setting Track Pre-Emphasis

The use of pre-emphasis dates from the early days of digital sound reproduction, when 14-bit A/D converters (without oversampling) were frequently used. The high frequencies of digital recordings were boosted or “emphasized” during conversion (similar to the RIAA EQ process for vinyl records), then were attenuated (de-emphasis) after D/A conversion. This tended to mask the inaccuracies of the conversion process.

With today’s advanced digital recording technology, it is recommended that you leave pre-emphasis turned off, because modern converters are capable of delivering linear conversions that produce far fewer errors than de-emphasis filters.

Note: WaveBurner only supports pre-emphasis so that old digital recordings (that were processed with a pre-emphasis algorithm) can be marked as such. WaveBurner’s pre-emphasis is only a flag intended for the CD player, and does not change the way that the audio is processed when you burn a CD.

To turn on pre-emphasis
Do one of the following:
  • Click the PE checkbox for the relevant track in the CD Tracks list.

  • Select a track in the CD Tracks list and click the Pre-Emphasis checkbox in the General tab of the Inspector.