About the Edit to Tape Window

In most window layouts in Final Cut Pro, the Edit to Tape window appears in the same location as the Canvas. The Edit to Tape window has three tabs:

Video Tab

The Video tab allows you to control and record onto the tape in your camcorder or deck. You can cue the tape and set In and Out points using the transport controls. Edit buttons and track selection controls allow you to determine exactly how your edit to tape is performed.

Figure. Edit to Tape window showing the Video tab and controls.
Video Tab Controls

You can use the following Video tab controls:

  • Black and Code: Automatically records a black signal on a videotape, with silent audio and continuous control and timecode tracks, from the beginning to the end of the videotape.
  • Timecode Duration: Displays the duration between the In and Out points set on the tape.
  • Current Timecode: Displays the current timecode position of the tape. If you enter a timecode, the tape will move to that position.
  • Edit Overlay: Appears when you drag a clip or sequence to the Edit to Tape window. You can choose to perform an assemble or insert edit, or preview an insert edit.
  • Edit buttons: Click to do an insert or assemble edit or preview your insert edit.
  • Device status: Shows the status of the connected video equipment.
Navigation and Marking Controls

You can use the following Navigation and Marking controls:

Figure. Navigation and Marking controls in the Edit to Tape window.
  • Shuttle control: Drag the tab to the right to fast-forward and to the left to rewind the tape. The speed depends on the distance of the tab from the center. When the tab is green, playback speed is normal. Keyboard shortcuts are the J, K, and L keys.
  • Jog control: Use this control to move forward or backward a few frames at a time on the tape. This is useful for visually locating a specific frame. You can also press the Forward Arrow or Back Arrow.
  • Mark In: Click this button, or press I, to set the frame on your tape where recording will start.
  • Mark Out: Click this button, or press O, to set the frame on your tape where recording will stop.
  • Go to In Point: Click this button, or press Shift-I, to move the tape to the In point you set.
  • Go to Out Point: Click this button, or press Shift-O, to move the tape to the Out point you set.
Destination Track Controls

These controls allow you to specify which tracks on tape are edited to when performing an insert edit. In addition to video and timecode, up to 16 audio tracks can be output to supported video and audio decks.

Figure. Destination Track controls in the Edit to Tape window.

Note: When you perform an assemble edit, all tracks on your recording deck are simultaneously record-enabled and the destination track controls are turned off.

  • Timecode Insert: When this control is selected, the timecode of the clip or sequence to be output is edited to tape along with its audio and video. The timecode edited to tape is taken from the section of the clip or sequence being output. Turn on this option only if you want to overwrite the timecode already on the destination tape. This feature works with devices that support serial device control protocols such as RS-422, as well as some DVCPRO HD devices.

    Important: When insert editing video and audio into an existing program on tape, you generally want to turn off Timecode Insert in order to leave the existing timecode unchanged.

  • Video Insert: When this control is selected, the video track on tape is replaced by the video output from your computer. Turning off this control prevents the video of your clip or sequence from overwriting the video already on your destination tape.
  • Audio Insert: This pop-up menu allows you to individually record-enable audio tracks on tape when insert editing. The number of audio tracks available in this pop-up menu is determined by the Audio Mapping option in the currently selected device control preset. Unavailable audio channels are dimmed. For more information about Audio Mapping options, see Using the Edit to Tape Window.

    To record-enable an audio track, choose it from this pop-up menu and a checkmark appears next to it. Choose it a second time to remove the checkmark and disable the track.

    Sixteen audio channel indicators in the Audio Insert pop-up menu indicate which audio tracks are record-enabled on your VTR. The color of an audio channel indicator indicates its state.

    Figure. Audio Insert pop-up menu showing 16 audio channel indicators.
  • Yellow: The audio track is record-enabled on the connected VTR.
  • Gray: The audio track is record-disabled on the connected VTR.
Transport Controls

Transport controls let you navigate through the videotape.

Figure. Transport controls in the Edit to Tape window.
  • Rewind: Click this button, or press J, to rewind the videotape.
  • Play In to Out: Rewinds the tape to the current In point you set and then plays forward from that point to the Out point you set. If there is no Out point, the tape plays to the end.
  • Stop: Click this button, or press K or the Space bar, to stop the videotape.
  • Play: Click this button, or press L, to play the tape.
  • Play Around Current Frame: This is based on the preview pre-roll and preview post-roll settings in the Editing tab of the User Preferences window. The tape plays from the playhead position at the pre-roll setting and continues through the amount of time specified by the post-roll setting.
  • Fast Forward: Moves the videotape forward. You can also press the L key repeatedly to go through a range of speeds.

Mastering Settings Tab

You can add leader and trailer elements during both the Edit to Tape and Print to Video operations.

To add leader or trailer elements when editing to tape
  • Choose Mastering mode and specify settings in the Mastering Settings tab of the Edit to Tape window.

To add leader or trailer elements when using the Print to Video command
  • Select leader and trailer elements directly in the Print to Video dialog.

For more information about using leader and trailer elements, see Adding Standard Leader and Trailer Elements.

All selected elements are output to tape in the order listed. Make sure to deselect elements you don’t need. All element durations are specified in whole seconds.

Note: Some of these items may require rendering before you can start recording.

Figure. Edit to Tape window showing the Master Settings tab.
Leader Elements

You can set the following leader element options:

  • Color Bars: Adds color bars and a 1 kilohertz (kHz) reference tone, preset to –12 decibels (dB). Color bars at the beginning of your tape allow the recipients to calibrate their equipment to match the color levels and values that your system used when outputting your program. The reference tone lets the recipients properly adjust audio levels during playback.

    For more information on creating a mix with proper levels, see Evaluating Levels with Audio Meters.

    When the current device control preset has a frame rate of 25 fps (PAL), you can select the Full Frame Bars option. When you select this option, full-frame bars are output to tape. When this option is not selected, SMPTE bars are output.

    Note: If the current device control preset does not have a frame rate of 25 fps, this option is unavailable.

  • Black: Adds the specified number of seconds of black between the color bars and slate, or at the beginning of the clip or sequence if you aren’t adding color bars.
  • Slate: Adds a slate with information about your movie. Choose the slate source from the pop-up menu. The slate can be the clip or sequence name, text you type in a field, or a specified text, PICT, or QuickTime file on disk. A slate should contain information such as:
    • The title of your program

    • Relevant production credits indicating ownership of the content (such as the producer, director, editor, and post-production facility)

    • The total run time (TRT) of your program

    • The starting timecode number. This is useful if you’re using a high-end video deck to do an insert edit of your program onto a tape with pre-striped timecode. In this case, also indicate whether drop frame (DF) or non-drop frame (NDF) timecode is used.

    • The date on which the tape is output

  • Black: Adds the specified number of seconds of black between the slate and countdown.
  • Countdown: Adds a countdown before your movie. You can use the 10-second built-in SMPTE standard countdown or choose a custom countdown. Countdowns are generally used when you deliver a tape to a television or cable station for broadcast, or to an audio post-production facility doing your final audio mix.

    Note: If you choose a custom QuickTime file as your countdown, its duration should conform to SMPTE specifications.

Media Elements and Options

These are options for the clip or sequence you are outputting to tape.

  • Print: You can choose to output the entire clip or sequence or just the part specified between the In and Out points.
  • Loop: Repeats the selected media for the specified number of times. A value of 1 plays the selected media once; a value of 2 plays the selected media twice, and so on.
  • Black: Adds black after each loop of your sequence or clip.
Trailer

You can set the following trailer option:

  • Trailer: Adds a black trailer at the end of your sequence or clip or at the end of the last loop of your clip or sequence. It’s good practice to put a 30-second black trailer at the end of your tape so viewers don’t see noise as soon as your movie ends. It’s also helpful to add a few seconds of black at the end of each edit when you are assemble editing. This provides timecode and control track after the last frame of your output sequence to set a new In point for a new edit.
Duration Calculator

The Duration Calculator displays the total duration of the program you are outputting, including all of the selected leader and trailer elements and their durations. Make sure there is sufficient time on your tape before proceeding.

  • Media: Displays the duration of your source media to be output, not including leader and trailer elements. The duration shown here depends on whether the sequence or clip you are outputting has In or Out points set, and the choice you made in the Print pop-up menu.
  • Total: Displays the total duration of the program you are outputting, including additional time created by looping and the duration of all selected leader and trailer elements.
Closed Captions

To insert closed captioning data in the output video, select the “Insert closed captioning data from file” checkbox and click the Choose a File button to locate the closed captioning data file. In the event that the timecode in the closed captioning data file does not match the timecode in your video, select the “Offset closed captioning data start by media in time” checkbox. This option resets the closed captioning data to start its commands at the beginning of video playback.

For more information about closed captions, see Final Cut Studio Workflows, available at http://documentation.apple.com/en/finalcutstudio/workflows.

  • “Insert closed captioning data from file” checkbox: Select this checkbox to turn on the closed captioning feature.
  • “Offset closed captioning data start by media in time” checkbox: This option resets the closed captioning data to start its commands at the beginning of video playback.
  • Choose a File button: Click this button to locate and select the closed captioning data file using the Open dialog.

Adding Standard Leader and Trailer Elements

If you’re outputting your clip or sequence for delivery to a post-production house, tape duplication facility, or television station, there are accepted conventions for how leader elements are placed on tape. Here is one common way to lay out elements, although some facilities have different standards. When in doubt, ask ahead for what is preferred.

Master tape timecode
Leader element
Duration
00:58:00:00
Black
30 seconds
00:58:30:00
Color bars and tone
60 seconds
00:59:30:00
Black
10 seconds
00:59:40:00
Slate (for broadcast or audio post facility)
Black (for dubbing)
10 seconds
00:59:50:00
Countdown with 2-pop
10 seconds
01:00:00:00
Program start
Duration depends on movie

After all leader elements have played, your program should start at hour 01:00:00:00, unless you are given specific instructions otherwise.

Note: If you’re blacking tapes in advance, start the timecode at 00:58:00:00 so you can start the leader elements at 00:58:30:00.

Device Settings Tab

The Device Settings tab is a convenient location for choosing a device control preset that’s compatible with your output deck. You can also choose a device control preset automatically by choosing a different Easy Setup.

Figure. Edit to Tape window showing the Device Setings tab.
  • Device Control: Choose a device control preset that matches your particular video equipment. For more information, see Device Control Settings and Presets.
  • Capture/Input: This pop-up menu is exclusively used when you show video in the Edit to Tape window during the preview of an insert edit. This allows you to see what the edit will look like on tape, including the video before the tape In point and video after the tape Out point, without actually committing the edit to tape. During the pre-roll and post-roll of the preview, you see video from tape displayed in Final Cut Pro. Between the tape In and Out points, you see the video output from Final Cut Pro. To successfully see video from the tape before and after the edit, you need to choose corresponding input settings. Since preview editing involves temporary video input, capture presets are used.

    For more information about capture presets, see Capture Settings and Presets.

    Note: Despite the name of this pop-up menu, you are not actually capturing footage. When you preview an insert edit to tape, you’re viewing what’s already on tape during the pre-roll and post-roll periods of the edit. The only way to preview your edits with material before and after your edit is to view, or “capture,” material that’s on the tape.