Examples Using Motion Settings

The following two examples demonstrate how you can use motion settings to integrate a group of clips together to create a single, multilayer broadcast design shot.

Example: Using Motion Settings to Create a Multiple Clip Layout

In this example, you’ll create a layered interview segment using the Scale, Rotation, and Center Point parameters. This example assumes you’ve already created a new sequence and opened it in the Timeline.

Note: This example uses a sequence created for DV clips, with a frame size of 720 x 480.

To create a layered interview segment using Scale, Rotation and Center Point parameters
  1. Open a clip in the Viewer that you want to use as a background layer (against which all other composited layers are to appear), then edit this clip into track V1 of your sequence.

    Note: If you don’t use a background layer (such as a graphic, video clip, or Final Cut Pro generator clip), all layered clips appear against black by default.

    Figure. Timeline window showing a clip placed in track V1 as an initial background layer.
  2. Set the sequence In and Out points to be the duration of this background clip (choose Mark > Mark Clip, or press X).

    Figure. Timeline window showing sequence In and Out points.
  3. From the Browser, open the first clip you want to arrange in the background of your composition, then edit it into the sequence using a superimpose edit.

    Figure. Timeline window showing a new track and video clip inserted above the V1 video track.
  4. Double-click the sequence clip you’ve just edited into the Timeline (not the background clip) to open it in the Viewer, then click the Motion tab.

    Figure. Viewer window showing the sequence clip and the Motion tab showing motion settings for the clip.

    First, you’ll change the size of the clip so it’s smaller, and then you’ll change the rotation so the clip is angled.

  5. Click the Basic Motion disclosure triangle to reveal the Basic Motion parameters, then drag the Scale slider to 38 (or enter “38” in the Scale number field, then press Return).

    Figure. Motion tab showing the Scale slider and a resized image in the Canvas.
  6. Drag the Rotation Angle control (the dial) to the left so that it reads “–28.”

    A negative value rotates the clip to the left; a positive value rotates it to the right.

    Figure. Motion tab showing the rotation angle of a clip and the resulting clip rotation in the Canvas.

    Next, you’ll change the position of this clip in the Canvas.

  7. Select the point control for the Center parameter and move the pointer to the Canvas (the pointer changes to a crosshair), then click in the upper-left corner of the Canvas.

    Figure. Motion tab showing the point control for the Center parameter.
    Figure. Motion tab showing the new coordinates of a clip's center point and the resulting change in image position in the Canvas.

    Clicking in the Canvas with the crosshair moves the x and y values of that clip’s center point to the pixel you clicked. In this case, the first (x) coordinate reads “–218” and the second (y) coordinate reads “–119.” You can also reposition the clip by entering these values in the Center number fields.

    Note: For more information about using basic geometry to position clips, see Using Cartesian Geometry to Position Clips.

    Next, you’ll add another clip to your composite.

  8. In the Timeline, specify track V2 as the current destination track (click the V2 Destination control). Then, using a superimpose edit, edit in a second clip you want to place in the background.

    Figure. Timeline window showing a second background clip placed in track V3 of the sequence.

    Now, you want to copy all the motion settings from the first clip and selectively apply them to this second clip.

  9. Select the clip in track V2 that you resized and repositioned, then choose Edit > Copy. Next, select the clip in track V3, then choose Edit > Paste Attributes.

    Figure. Timeline window showing the clip in track V3 selected.

    The Paste Attributes dialog appears. By selecting various options in this dialog, you can paste only the attributes you want to use from the copied clip into the currently selected clip.

  10. Select the Basic Motion checkbox, then click OK.

    Figure. Paste Attributes dialog showing the Basic Motion checkbox selected.

    The two clips occupy the same position in the Canvas, but the clip on track V3 takes precedence and appears in the Canvas.

    Figure. Canvas window showing the new clip in track V3 in front of the clip in track V2.

    Although you want to keep the size of this new clip the same, you want to position it in the right corner, as a mirror image of your original clip.

  11. Double-click the clip on track V3 to open it in the Viewer, then click the Motion tab.

  12. In the left number field of the Center parameter (the x coordinate), delete the minus sign (–), then press Return.

    Figure. Canvas window showing the clip in track V3 moved to the right corner.

    Note: The x and y coordinates of a clip in the Canvas are based on the offset between that clip’s center point and the center point of the Canvas. See Using Cartesian Geometry to Position Clips for more information.

    Now, you want to make this clip rotate to the right rather than to the left.

  13. Delete the minus sign (–) from the Rotation number field, then press the Return key.

    Figure. Canvas window showing two clips on opposite sides and rotated in opposite directions.

    Now that you have all your background layers set up, it’s time to edit in the foreground clip that’s going to appear in front of these layers.

  14. Using the same sequence In and Out points that you’ve been using, set the destination track of your sequence to V3, then edit in the foreground clip using a superimpose edit.

    Figure. Timeline window showing a fourth clip placed in track V4 of the sequence.
  15. Open this new clip in the Viewer, then click the Motion tab.

  16. Click the Basic Motion disclosure triangle to reveal the Basic Motion parameters, then adjust the Scale slider to 66, so that this clip is 66 percent of its original size.

    Figure. Motion tab showing the Scale slider set to 66 and the foreground clip appearing at 66 percent of its original size in the Canvas.

    Now you need to move this clip down so it doesn’t obscure the clips in the background as much. To make sure important elements in your sequence are not cut off at the edges when you’re layering these clips, you should show the Title Safe indicators. The Title Safe indicators show the title safe and action safe boundaries, so you can position your composited clips and titles accordingly.

  17. Choose View > Show Title Safe.

    Figure. Canvas window showing the action safe boundary and the title safe boundary.
  18. Enter “37” in the right number field of the Center parameter.

    Viewing the title safe and action safe boundaries, you see that you’re within the area that is viewable on most television monitors.

    Figure. Motion tab showing the Center parameter's y coordinate value set to 37 and the resulting change in the Canvas.

    Tip: Viewing title safe and action safe boundaries is especially important when creating work that will be broadcast on television. Televisions cut off the edge of the video frame to give the illusion that the picture takes up the entire TV screen. The amount that gets cut off varies from manufacturer to manufacturer.

Example: Using Additional Motion Settings to Refine the Layout

In this example, the Crop, Opacity, and Drop Shadow parameter settings are changed to further customize the sequence you created in the previous example.

To customize a sequence using the Crop, Opacity, and Drop Shadow parameters
  1. Open the clip on track V4 of your sequence in the Viewer, then click the Motion tab.

    Figure. Motion tab showing the motion settings for the clip in track V4.

    First, you’ll feather the edges of your foreground clip to give it a soft border.

  2. Click the Crop disclosure triangle to reveal the Crop parameters.

  3. Drag the Edge Feather slider to the right until it’s set to 64.

    Figure. Motion tab showing the Edge Feather slider set to 64 and a soft border appearing around the clip in the Canvas.

    Next, you’ll apply the same amount of feathering to the other two background clips without opening the clips.

  4. Select the foreground clip in track V4, then choose Edit > Copy.

  5. Drag a box around the two background clips in tracks V3 and V2 to select both clips, then choose Edit > Paste Attributes.

  6. In the Paste Attributes dialog, select the Scale Attribute Times and Crop checkboxes, leaving all other options unselected, then click OK.

    Figure. Canvas window showing feathering applied to the background clips.

    Now, you’ll make two further adjustments to the foreground clip, making it seem a bit wider and allowing the clips in the background to be more visible.

  7. Drag the Top and Bottom sliders in the Crop attribute to the right until they are set to 5.

    Figure. Motion tab showing the Top and Bottom sliders set to 5 and the resulting change to the clip in the Canvas.

    Now, you’ll add a drop shadow to these three layers.

  8. With the Motion tab of the foreground clip still open in the Viewer, select the checkbox next to Drop Shadow to enable the attribute, then click the Drop Shadow disclosure triangle. Using the appropriate controls, set the offset to 10, the angle to 135, the softness to 23, and the opacity to 65.

    Figure. Motion tab showing settings for the Drop Shadow attribute and the resulting change to the clip in the Canvas.
  9. To apply these settings to the other two clips, select the clip in track V4 in the Timeline, then choose Edit > Copy. Select the clips on tracks V2 and V3, then choose Edit > Paste Attributes.

  10. In the Paste Attributes dialog, select the Drop Shadow checkbox, then click OK.

    Figure. Canvas window showing the selected clips with a drop shadow.

    Finally, you want to darken the background layer, since it’s competing with the foreground layers.

  11. Open the background clip on track V1, then click its Motion tab. Click the Opacity disclosure triangle, then set the opacity to 50 percent.

    Figure. Motion tab showing the Opacity parameter set to 50 percent and the background clip appearing darker in the Canvas.

    Now you have your completed composite: three clips layered, cropped, scaled, and rotated, with edges feathered.