Steps in Mixing

Mixing a project typically involves the following tasks:

You can perform these steps in any order, and move back and forth between them as you create the mix. In most situations, you finish mixing the individual tracks before making changes to the overall project.

The following suggested order provides a guideline that may be useful for common situations:

  1. Stage 1: Mixing Main Dialogue Tracks

    Solo the main voice tracks and pan to your liking. Add any EQ, compression, or other processing. Adjust relative volume, leaving some headroom (typically around -6 dB) for peaks in the signal, in case you need to raise levels later.

  2. Stage 2: Mixing Other Dialogue and Middle Ground Tracks

    With main voice tracks still soloed, solo the other dialogue, ADR, and voiceover tracks one at a time and adjust volume and pan relative to the main voice tracks. Add any processing if needed.

  3. Stage 3: Mixing Background Tracks

    With the previously mixed tracks still soloed, solo the background tracks one at a time and adjust volume and pan relative to the other tracks. Add any processing if needed.

  4. Stage 4: Making Changes to the Overall Mix

    Once you have mixed all the individual tracks in your project, add any EQ, compression, or other processing to the overall project. Adjust the overall volume to an appropriate level and remove any clipping before exporting the project.